The reduced size of a small garden and aesthetic attention to its development does not prohibit leaving less maintained and wilderness areas.
By inviting the spontaneous flora – often spread by wind, insects or birds – to settle in some corners, you will reconstruct natural environments. Spread them in various places, in the light of the sun or the soil to create dry or wet biotopes, propitious to host diverse wildlife.
Bees, butterflies and beneficial insects will then invest the garden, contributing to the fight against natural enemies of plants, encouraging pollination and contributing to the maintenance of biodiversity.
Provide appropriate care
Reconciling environmentally friendly gardening techniques and neat decor is not antithetical.
A small garden can be self-contained with the management of its natural resources. Start by recycling waste (leaves, grass cuttings, small branches), which after composting and according to their degree of decomposition, produce an excellent mulch or compost, useful for covering or enrich the soil. Remember to collect the rain water to pour it at the base of plants.
Finally, the situation of small walled gardens needs to adapt the care of the culture by practicing, for example, hand weeding, loosening the soil gently or intaglio.
Improve the soil
During construction or renovation, the soil of a small garden is heavily solicited to store materials and store rubble. This results in a settlement and asphyxiation of the soil it is imperative to improve before planting.
Start by removing the rubble and then unpack the deep soil without turning it with a two handles spade. You must then add organic matter (compost, manure) regularly to soften the soil texture and increase its humus content, to provide plants with a a feeder substrate basis for successful planting.
Locate shrubs marscescent foliage* (here, charms) or persistent foliage with sufficient height to create a green canopy (bay leaf, holly, privet, boxwood, charcoal, strawberry tree, myrtle…). Some of them, such as oleander palm or holm oak, naturally flourish in a flared manner and allow, after removal of lower branches, to clear enough space to offer, under the foliage, a safe haven from prying eyes.
(*) A marcescent tree keeps its leaves attached to its branches… they then form an aesthetic vegetal garland.
Pact with the shadow
In a small space, the shadow of buildings, walls and trees is unavoidable. So you have to live with bt selecting species that only need little light.
Enjoy the microclimate
In small gardens enclosed by walls, dial with climate specificities. Indeed, the location in urban areas, the existence of walls and buildings such as the presence of trees create a warm microclimate. It allows, for example, the selection and cultivation of fragile or exotic species (phormium, palm, oleander, plumbago, bougainvillea, lemon, pomegranate…).
You will never be short of landscape ideas and you will certainly find what you truly love there: